It is common knowledge that the best places to view art exhibitions are in art galleries or museums. However, although it appears they accomplish the same thing at first, organizing public collections, they are entirely different organizations. But how are they distinct from one another? What are their goals, and how are they structured? A private or commercial business called an art gallery organizes exhibitions of works by its roster of artists and sells the pieces on display. A museum, in contrast, is a public, nonprofit organization that puts up an exhibition schedule focusing on culture and education.
The goal of each institution’s existence is the first significant distinction between an art gallery and a museum. An art gallery’s purpose is to financially assist artists by displaying their works of art, helping them advance their careers and resumes, and earning commissions. The art gallery serves, in this instance, as a trader who selects exhibitions. However, neither does the art museum conduct business nor does it assist and keep an eye on the careers of certain artists. Curating a pertinent exhibition program for the general public to view is a museum’s primary goal. The museum’s goal is to promote and contribute to the sanctification and preservation of cultural heritage while also educating the general audience.
While museums give instructional services to the general public and visitors, art galleries give artists the service of promoting, supporting, and monitoring their careers. The structure of galleries and museums has changed drastically as a result. Because they are private organizations (apart from “mega-galleries”; see below), galleries typically employ a small number of people, and the gallery owner pays all their salaries. As a result of the public nature of the organization and the state funding of the museum, there are often more personnel, more extensive infrastructures, and larger public buildings in museums.