Sport climbing is a type of rock climbing that uses pitons and permanent anchors embedded in the rock face, also called a crag. Sport climbers attach to this anchor with a quickdraw consisting of two carabiners connected by a textile sling called a dog bone. Climbers use quickdraws (safety ropes or safety rope systems) for safety and security. Sport climbing differs from traditional rock climbing (or regular rock climbing). In sport climbing, anchors are permanent, whereas traditional climbers attach anchors as they ascend and release them as they descend. Both climbing styles involve clipping unto anchors as you progress, but sport climbing does not require climbers to attach their equipment.
For safe and successful sport climbing, you will need a few key pieces of equipment: A good pair of climbing boots will give you a good grip on the rock face when climbing. Depending on the difficulty of the climbing wall, choose a close-fitting, neutral, medium, or aggressive shoe. A climbing helmet is essential for head protection. Climbing ropes with a diameter of 9.5 mm to 9.8 mm are ideal. Choose a harness that fits you precisely and comfortably. A belay device is needed to control slack and tension in the rope. Quickdraws attach the rope to an anchor with two connected carabiners to protect it while climbing. Additional equipment includes: Climbing chalk and chalk bag, guidebook and topographical map, safety gloves, and safety goggles, rope bag.
Use these tips to make sports climbing safe and enjoyable. Many people try sport climbing indoors for the first time before attempting outdoor climbing. Once you have mastered the technique of climbing and descending, you can move on to outdoor activities. Before climbing outdoors, check out our climbing guides, topographical maps, and blogs to learn more about sport climbing routes and strategies. Making friends with members of the climbing community can also give you valuable information about sport climbing in your area. Outdoor climbing is at the mercy of Mother Nature. Weather can ruin even the best-thought-out plans. Remember, the most important thing is not to get to the top but to get home safely.